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Volume 1 | Issue 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction to the First Issue of East Africa Science: Search, Discover, Develop
Fabian M. Mashauri, Harriet Nabudere
United Kingdom–East and Southern Africa Partnership at the Forefront of Developing the First Ever Test that Measures Patient Tuberculosis Burden in Hours
Wilber Sabiiti on behalf of the MBLA development stakeholders
Mobile Health in Uganda: A Case Study of the Medical Concierge Group
Louis H. Kamulegeya, Joseph Ssebwana, Wilson Abigaba, John M. Bwanika, Davis Musinguzi
Prevalence and Distribution of Multidrug-Resistant Mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Tanzania
John C. Mgogwe, Hadija H. Semvua, Oliva Safari, Gibson E. Kapanda, Balthazar M. Nyombi, Jaffu O. Chilongola
Prevalence and Genetic Diversity of Hepatitis B and C Viruses Among Couples Attending Antenatal Care in a Rural Community in Rwanda
Onesphore Majyambere, Andrew K. Nyerere, Louis S. Nkaka, Nadine Rujeni, Raphael L. Wekessa
Prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti Infection in Mosquitoes from Pangani District, Northeastern Tanzania
Godlisten S. Materu
Biological Activity of Sumilarv 0.5G against Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and Anopheles arabiensis in Northern Tanzania
Eliningaya J. Kweka, Aneth M. Mahande, Shandala Msangi, Subira Sayumwe, Johnson O. Ouma, Violet Temba, Lucile J. Lyaruu, Yousif E. Himeidan
Determination and Quantification of Gallic Acid in Raw Propolis by High- performance Liquid Chromatography–Diode Array Detector in Burundi
Ramadhan Nyandwi, Ayşe S. Kılıç, Meltem Çelik, Hasan H. Oruç
Congenital Zika Virus Infection Paradigm: What is in the Wardrobe? A Narrative Review
Mariam M. Mirambo, Lucas Matemba, Mtebe Majigo, Stephen E. Mshana
East Africa Science (EASci) is a no-fee, open-access, peer-reviewed journal published online at www.eahealth.org. It is published two times per year by the East African Health Research Commission. EAHRC, which is based in Bujumbura, Burundi is an institution of the East African Community (EAC). EAC is an East African Regional Economic Community with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. EASci is editorially independent and does not necessarily represent the views or positions of the East African Community.
Gibson Kibiki, MD, MMed, PhD, Executive Secretary, East African Health Research Commission, Burundi
Jacqueline Aber, MSc, Mbarara University, Uganda
Happiness H. Kumburu, PhD, Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute, Tanzania
Geoffrey Mutisya Maitha, MSc, AIDS Healthcare Foundation, Kenya
Lina Sara Mathew, MSc, Baharel Ghazal University, South Sudan
Irene Mremi, MSc, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Ella Larrissa Ndoricyimpaye, MSc, University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Sandra Nkurunziza, MD, MPH, University of Burundi, Burundi
Ramadhani Nyandwi, MSc, University of Burundi, Burundi
Violet Asiko Ongaya, MSc, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
Naasson Tuyiringire, MSc, Rwanda Biomedical Centre, Rwanda
Harriet Nabudere, MBChB, MPH, Uganda National Health Research Organisation, Uganda
Prof Bennon Asiimwe, PhD, Mbarara University, Uganda
Dr Quirijn de Mast, MD, PhD, Radboud University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Prof Stephen Gillespie, MD, FRCP, University of St Andrews, UK
Prof Ben Hamel, MD, PhD, Radboud University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Prof Scott Heysell, MD, University of Virginia, USA
Prof Eric Houpt, MD, University of Virginia, USA
Prof Sam Kariuki, PhD, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
Prof Pierre Claver Kayumba, PhD, University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Dr John Kiiru, PhD, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kenya
Prof Ole Lund, PhD, Technical University, Denmark
Dr Stephen Magesa, PhD, President’s Malaria Initiatives, Tanzania
Dr Alphaxard Manjurano, PhD, National Institute for Medical Research, Tanzania
Dr Stella Mpagama, MD, PhD, Kibong’oto Infectious Diseases Hospital, Tanzania
Prof Leon Mutesa, MD, PhD, University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Dr Jean de Dieu Ngirabega, MD, PhD, East African Health Research Commission, Burundi
Prof Joseph Nyandwi, MD, PhD, University of Burundi, Burundi
Prof Stephen Rulisa, MD, PhD, University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Dr Wilber Sabiiti, PhD, University of St Andrews, Scotland
Prof Thor Theander, MD, DSc, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Prof David P Towers, PhD, University of Warwick, UK
Prof Andre van der Ven, MD, PhD, Radboud University Medical Centre, The Netherlands
Prof Mirjam van Reisen, PhD, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Prof Alimuddun Zumla, MD, FRCP, University College London, UK
For further information, please contact the editors at: eahrc-admin[at]eahealth.org
The EAC region has experienced a number of outbreaks of infectious diseases in the past. These include Ebola, Rift Valley, Marburg and Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic fevers, Cholera, Polio, Hepatitis A and B and many more. Six out of ten are zoonosis, diseases which are transmitted between animals and humans. In order to prevent outbreaks that can jeopardize public health, economic stability and the lives and livelihoods of the EAC region, Partner States need to be prepared. Simulation exercises play a key role in analysing the state of pandemic preparedness and response capacities. They help to identify strengths and weaknesses and the necessary corrective actions.
Against this backdrop, the EAC Secretariat conducted a cross-border table top exercise (TTX) from 4 - 5 September 2018. A cross-border field simulation exercise (FSX) followed from 11 - 14 June 2019 at Namanga on the Kenya Tanzanian border. The exercise involved representatives from the EAC Partner States, especially from Kenya and Tanzania, and followed the One Health approach. The simulation aimed to assess both regional and national contingency plans and standard operating procedures, readiness and compliance with the International Health Regulations.
A simulation exercise is a form of practice, training, monitoring or evaluation of capabilities involving the description or simulation of an emergency, to which a described or simulated response is made. Simulation exercises can help to develop, assess and test functional capabilities of emergency systems, procedures and mechanisms.
Simulation exercises are training and quality assurance tools, which provide an evidence-based assessment for monitoring, testing and strengthening of functional capacities to respond to outbreaks and public health emergencies. As a training tool, they allow participants to learn and practice emergency response procedures in a safe and controlled environment. As a quality assurance tool, exercises test and evaluate emergency policies, plans and procedures. Simulation exercises play a key role in the development and implementation of preparedness and response capacities at all levels (national, regional, community and global) and have been identified as a key component in the validation of core capacities under the International Health Regulations monitoring and evaluation framework (2015).
The simulations were facilitated by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Government through the “Support to Pandemic Preparedness in the EAC Region” (PanPrep) project. The World Health Organization (WHO) led and coordinated the process. Further, international organisations cooperated in the exercises to use joint forces and utilize synergies. A task-based Steering Group (SG) oversaw the preparations and an Exercise Management Group (EMG) designed, planned and implemented the exercise.
This page provides core documents and other materials related to the Table Top and the Field Simulation Exercises.
Highlights films on Cross border Field Simulation between Kenya and Tanzania, June 2019.
Diseases Do Not Respect Borders -
A highlights film on Cross border Field Simulation between Kenya and Tanzania, June 2019.
The Role of Points of Entry
in Pandemic Preparedness.
Speaking with One Voice -
The role of risk and crisis communication in pandemic prevention and response.
Timothy Wesonga -
My lessons learned from the field simulation exercise