EAC Logo

Leadership Team

The Summit of EAC Heads of State

H.E President Yoweri Museveni   H.E President Pierre Nkurunziza   H.E President Uhuru Kenyatta   H.E President Paul Kagame   H.E President John P. Magufuli

The Summit comprising of Heads of Government of Partner States gives strategic direction towards the realisation of the goal and objectives of the Community.

Chairperson, Council of Ministers

Rt Hon. Kirunda Ali Kivejinja

Rt Hon. Kirunda Ali Kivejinja
Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of East African Community Affairs
Republic of Uganda

Chairperson, Coordinating Committee

Edith Mwanje

Mrs. Edith Mwanje
Permanent Secretary
Ministry of East African Affairs
Republic of Uganda

Heads of EAC Organs

Amb. Liberat Mfumukeko   Hon. Justice Dr Emmanuel Ugirashebuja   Rt Hon. Daniel Fred Kidega

Heads of EAC Institutions

Vivienne Yeda Apopo   Robert Mwesigwa Nviiri   Prof Gibson Kibiki

Republic of South Sudan

South Sudan joined the East African Community in April 2016.

South Sudan is the newest member of the East African Community, it is also referred to as the youngest nation in Africa after gaining independence on 9 July 2011.

Key facts

Joined EAC: April 2016

Population: 12.3 million

GDP (nominal): US$ 2.6 Billion

Official language: English

Timezone: GMT + 3hr

Currency: South Sudanese Pound (SSP)

Geography

Area: 619,745 sq. km

Coastline: none

Capital city: Juba

Population density (per sq. km): 13.33

South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal.

Languages

English is the official languages; while Arabic (of Juba and Sudanese variants) and other languages such as Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk are widely spoken.

Communications

Country code 211; internet domain ‘.ss’.

Public Holidays

New Year's Day, Peace Agreement Day (9 January), Easter Sunday, International Labour Day (1 May), SPLA Day (16 May), Independence Day (9 July), Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan), Martyrs’ Day (30 July), Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice), Christmas Day, Boxing Day and Republic Day (28 December).

Religious festivals whose dates vary from year to year include Good Friday, Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha.

Transport

South Sudan has 248 km of narrow-gauge, single-track railroad.

The busiest and most developed airport in South Sudan is Juba Airport. Other international airports include Malakal, Wau, and Rumbe.

International relations

South Sudan is a United Nations member state, a member state of the African Union and of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. In July 2012, South Sudan signed the Geneva Conventions. South Sudan has also applied to join the Commonwealth of Nations, considering that it was part of the British Empire, and has 2 Commonwealth Republics, Kenya and Uganda as neighbouring states.

Topography

The Imatong Mountains are located in the southeast of South Sudan in the erstwhile state of Eastern Equatoria, and extend into Uganda. Mount Kinyeti is the highest mountain of the range at 3,187 metres and the highest in the whole of South Sudan. The range has an equatorial climate and has dense forests supporting diverse wildlife.
The Sudd is a vast swamp in South Sudan, formed by the White Nile, comprising more than 15% of the country's total area; it is one of the world's largest wetlands.

Climate

South Sudan has a climate similar to an Equatorial or tropical climate, characterized by a rainy season of high humidity and large amounts of rainfall followed by a drier season. The temperature on average is always high with July being the coolest month with an average temperatures falling between 20 and 30 °C and March being the warmest month with average temperatures ranging from 23 to 37 °C.

Environment

The most significant environmental issue is soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands as well as deforestation due to little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel. In addition, habitat loss threatens wildlife populations.

Vegetation

South Sudan’s main vegetational belts run in succession from northwest to southeast, more or less in coincidence with rainfall patterns. They are low-rainfall savanna (grassland), high-rainfall savanna, both with inland floodplains, and mountain vegetation regions.

Wildlife

The country’s wildlife includes lions, leopards, and cheetahs as well as elephants, giraffes, zebras, buffalo, hippopotamuses, warthogs, and numerous varieties of antelope, such as gazelles, elands, and hartebeests. Chimpanzees, baboons, and monkeys are found in the forests. Birdlife includes ostriches, several kinds of partridge, cranes, storks, pelicans, plovers, weavers, and shrikes. Reptiles include crocodiles and various lizards.

 

Opportunities at EAC


Employment

At present, more than 400 people are working for the various EAC Organs and Institutions in the 5 Partner States. While recruiting, the EAC seeks to secure the highest standards of efficiency, technical competence, professionalism and integrity.

Visit the Employment page

Consultancies

The EAC frequently engages experts under individual contracts to work on short-term projects as an individual consultant or a consortium. The location of assignments may be at the various EAC Organs or Institutions around the EAC Partner States.

Visit the Consultancies page


Procurement

The EAC is committed to finding suppliers and external collaborators with the appropriate professional standing and who share the Community’s values.

The selection of reliable partners is key to the value creation for stakeholders in order to ensure innovation, continuous improvement and to protect the integrity and reputation of EAC.

EAC Emblems

The East African Community emblems as spelt out in the Community Emblems Act, 2003* are the following:

  • The Community Flag
  • The Community Emblem (Logo)
  • The Official Seal of the Community

* The EAC Anthem (to be included after amendment of the Community Emblems Act, 2003)

The Community Flag

eac flag

Interpretation of the colour format for the EAC Flag:

Blue background Lake Victoria signifying the unity of the EAC Partner States
White, Black, Green, Yellow, Red Representing the different colours of the flags of each of the EAC Partner States
Handshake East African Community; and
Centre East African Community logo

 

The Community Emblem (Logo)

 

eac logo

Interpretation of the EAC Logo:

The Logo consists of a map of the five Partner States with Lake Victoria in prominence in a circle bordered by an industrial wheel. On both sides of the industrial wheel are two arches of leaves ending with the letters EAC at the top and a handshake at the bottom.

The lower part of the circle rests on a framework with the words Jumuiya ya Afrika Mashariki inscribed in black at the bottom of this framework. The Logo contains the same colours as are in the flag.

 

The EAC Anthem

The 12th Ordinary Summit of the EAC Heads of State meeting in Arusha adopted the EAC Anthem, Wimbo wa Jumuiya Afrika Mashariki, on 3 December 2010. The adoption of the Anthem brought to an end a decade-long search for a song that East Africans would call their own.

Wimbo wa Jumuiya Afrika Mashariki is a melodic three-stanza composition written in Kiswahili. It exhorts East Africans to pursue the virtues of unity, patriotism and hard work, while cultivating a spirit of comradeship.

 

1. Ee Mungu twaomba ulinde

Jumuiya Afrika Mashariki

Tuwezeshe kuishi kwa amani

Tutimize na malengo yetu.

 

Chorus

Jumuiya Yetu sote tuilinde

Tuwajibike tuimarike

Umoja wetu ni nguzo yetu

Idumu Jumuiya yetu.

 

2. Uzalendo pia mshikamano

Viwe msingi wa Umoja wetu

Natulinde Uhuru na Amani

Mila zetu na desturi zetu.

 

3. Viwandani na hata mashambani

Tufanye kazi sote kwa makini

Tujitoe kwa hali na mali

Tuijenge Jumuiya bora.

Uganda

Uganda hosts 3 institutions of the Community: the East African Development Bank (EADB) charged with promoting sustainable socio-economic development in East Africa by providing development finance, support and advisory services; the Civil Aviation Safety and Security Oversight Agency (CASSOA), which aims at making air transport services safe, efficient and profitable through the adoption of common policies for the development of civil air transport in the region; and the Inter-University Council for East Africa (IUCEA) that coordinates inter-university cooperation in East Africa.

Key facts

Joined EAC: July 2000 (Founding Member)

Population: 38.8 million

GDP: US$ 26.3 Billion

Official language: Kiswahili, English

Timezone: GMT + 3hr

Currency: Ugandan Shilling (Ush)

Geography

Area: 236,000 sq. km

Coastline: None

Capital city: Kampala

Population density (per sq. km): 173

Uganda is a landlocked country lying astride the equator. It is bordered (clockwise from north) by Sudan, Kenya, United Republic of Tanzania, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Languages

The official languages are English and Kiswahili; Kiswahili and Luganda are widely spoken and there are several other African languages.

Communications

Country code 256 (no area codes); internet domain ‘.ug’.

Public holidays

New Year’s Day, Liberation Day (26 January), International Women’s Day (8 March), Labour Day (1 May), Uganda Martyrs’ Day (3 June), National Heroes’ Day (9 June), Independence Day (9 October), Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

Religious festivals whose dates vary from year to year include Good Friday, Easter Monday, Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice).

Transport

Some 70,750 km of roads radiate from Kampala, 23% of which are paved.

The railway network extends over some 260 km. At the end of 1993, passenger services between Kampala and Kenya were resumed after a break of 15 years.

Entebbe International Airport is 35 km south-west of Kampala.

International relations

Uganda is a member of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, African Union, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, The Commonwealth, Non-Aligned Movement, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, United Nations and World Trade Organization. Uganda is also a member of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, which was established in 1986 by the six countries in the Horn of Africa to combat drought and desertification and promote food security in the region.

Topography

Water, with swampland, covers nearly 20% of the surface area. The largest lakes include Lake George, Lake Kyoga, and parts of Lakes Victoria, Albert and Edward. From its source in Lake Victoria, the White Nile flows northwards through the country. Mountains include the high Rwenzori range in the west (Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley is 5,110 metres) and Mount Elgon (4,253 metres) in the east. The country is popularly known as the ‘the Pearl of Africa’.

Climate

Equatorial, tempered with breezes and showers. Cooler in the higher areas. Heavy rain from March to May, and in October and November; little rainfall in the north-east.

Environment

The most significant issues are: draining of wetlands for agricultural use; overgrazing, soil erosion and deforestation; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; and poaching.

Vegetation

Much of the country, being so well-watered, is richly fertile; there is arid semi-desert in the north-east. Most of the country’s vegetation is savannah with tropical forests in areas of high rainfall. Drought-resistant bush, grasses and succulents grow in the north-east. Forest covers 14% of the land area, having declined at 2.3% p.a. 1990-2010. Arable land comprises 35% and permanent cropland 11% of the total land area.

Wildlife

Uganda has 7,200 sq. km of national parks and game reserves, reflecting the extraordinary diversity of the country which comprises lakes, swamps, dense grassland, woodland, rolling plains, forests and mountains, there is a rich variety of wildlife.


East African Community
EAC Close
Afrika Mashariki Road
P.O. Box 1096
Arusha
United Republic of Tanzania

Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100
Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190
Email: eac@eachq.org