The World Conference on Disaster Reduction was held from 18 to 22 January 2005 in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, and adopted the present Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. The Conference provided a unique opportunity to promote a strategic and systematic approach to reducing vulnerabilities and risks to hazards. It emphasises the need for, and identified ways of, building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters.
An Africa Regional Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction was proposed to contribute to the attainment of sustainable development and poverty eradication by facilitating the integration of disaster risk reduction into development. In 2007, a regional multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder forum on disaster risk reduction, namely the Africa Regional Platform for DRR, was established under the facilitation of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Africa. The First Consultative Meeting of the Africa Regional Platform took place in Nairobi, Kenya in the same year to review the progress of the implementation of the Africa Regional Strategy and the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA).
The EAC Secretariat co-hosted the 4th Africa Regional Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (AfRP) from 13th-15th February 2013, in Arusha, Tanzania. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, the African Union Commission and UNISDR jointly hosted the meeting. The meeting was successful in preparing the Africa’s Statement on Disaster Risk Reduction that was agreed upon by 45 African countries. This was based on recommendations and decisions that reflect the achievements of African institutions and African leadership in meeting the priorities of the internationally agreed HFA.
The EAC’s focus is on providing strategic guidance to Partner States, facilitating the implementation of the sub-regional strategies and programmes in line with the Africa Regional Strategy, the Programme of Action and the HFA coordination, particularly in respect of inter-state initiatives.