Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA-EAC-SADC) Region
The Programme on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Eastern and Southern Africa is a five-year initiative of COMESA, EAC and SADC with the purpose of enabling COMESA-EAC-SADC Member States to increase investments in climate resilient and carbon efficient agriculture and its linkages to forestry, land use and energy practices by 2016.
The overall objective of the Programme is to address the impacts of Climate Change in the COMESA-EAC-SADC region through successful adaptation and mitigation actions, which also build economic and social resilience for present and future generations.
The programme is currently being financed through a multi-donor arrangement involving the following development partners: Government of Norway, the European Union and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development through COMESA.
The initiative that started in 2010 aims to inject Africa’s Unified Position on Climate Change into the post-2012 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change global agreement so as to unlock resources for promoting strategic interventions that sustain productivity and livelihood improvements for millions of climate-vulnerable people in the region.
The programme stems from the recognition of the seriousness of the challenge posed by Climate Change, which was re-iterated by the African Heads of State and Government at the African Union Summit in January 2007. The African Heads of State and Government agreed that the countries in Africa should mainstream Climate Change adaptation and mitigation into their developmental plans. Further, the African Heads of State and Government Summit held in 2009, in Sirte, Libya endorsed the African common position on Climate Change, which advocates for inclusion of Agriculture and Forestry in the Climate Change regime.
Planning for Resilience in East Africa through Policy, Adaptation, Research, and Economic Development (PREPARED)
This is a proposed six year programme with the overall goal of strengthening the resiliency and sustainability of East African economies, trans-boundary freshwater ecosystems, and communities. PREPARED targets three key priority development challenges of East Africa and of the US Government: biodiversity conservation / natural resource management (NRM) and sustainable access to water, sanitation and hygiene, and Climate Change. The programme seeks to:
- Improve Climate Change adaptation technical capacity, policy leadership and action readiness of regional institutions.
- Strengthen resilient and sustainable management of biologically significant transboundary freshwater ecosystems in the East African Community region.
- Enhance resilient and sustainable drinking water supply, sanitation, and wastewater treatment services in the Lake Victoria Basin.
Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Actions in the EAC region
Supported by Intra-ACP GCCA+, the overall objective of the project is to increase resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change and contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals in the EAC region.
An initiative of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, the Intra-ACP Global Climate Change Alliance+ (GCCA+) Programme supports ACP countries’ efforts to address climate change. The EAC 4-year prject has 3 key targets:
- To enhance the capacity of the EAC region on climate change;
- To strengthen the implementation of climate change actions and the Paris Agreement; and
- To strengthen regional capacity to access climate change funding
At regional level, the project is exptected to strengthen the capacity of the regional Climate Change Technical Working Group (CCTWG) to implement identified climate change actions as well as review and update the EAC Climate Change Policy and the EAC Climate Change Strategy. In addition, the project will support the development and enactment of the EAC Climate Change Bill and identify relevant national best practices, success stories and lessons on management of climate change and share them among partner states.
At national level, the project will support Partner States in reviewing and updating their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in line with the Paris Agreement.
In strengthening regional capacity to access climate chage funding, the project aims to develop 3 community-based climate change adaptation projects and submit them to the Green Climate Fund and the Adaptation Fund.
The project will also support the development and implementation of a Regional Climate Change Communication and Advocacy Plan.
The Heads of State of the East African Community (EAC) directed the EAC Secretariat to develop a Climate Change Policy and strategies to address the adverse impacts of Climate Change in the region and harness any potential opportunities posed by Climate Change in the context of the principle of sustainable development.
The overall objective of the EAC Climate Change Policy is to guide Partner States and other stakeholders on the preparation and implementation of collective measures to address Climate Change in the region while assuring sustainable social and economic development.
The Policy prescribes statements and actions to guide Climate Change adaptation and mitigation to reduce the vulnerability of the region and enhance adaptive capacity and build socioeconomic resilience of vulnerable populations and ecosystems. Adaptation to Climate Change is of priority to the EAC region in view of the high vulnerability of the region to the impacts of Climate Change, with the emerging associated challenges, especially food security.
Other climate change documents include the EAC Climate Change Master-Plan and the Climate Change Strategy.
The purpose of the Master Plan is to provide a long-term vision and a basis for Partner States to operationalise a comprehensive framework for adapting to and mitigating Climate Change in line with the EAC Protocol on Environment and Natural Resources Management and with international climate change agreements. The Master Plan’s Vision is to ensure that: “The People, the Economies and the Ecosystems of the EAC Partner States are climate resilient and adapt accordingly to Climate Change”.
The EAC Climate Change Strategy guides the implementation of the EAC Climate Change Policy.