The EAC Treaty, article 114 requires that for the purpose of co-operation in environment and natural resources management, the Partner States agree to take concerted measures to foster co-operation in the joint and efficient management and the sustainable utilisation of natural resources within the Community for the mutual benefit of the Partner States. With regard to the management of the mineral resources sector, the Partner States agree, inter alia, to promote joint exploration, efficient exploitation and sustainable utilisation of shared mineral resources.
There are individual Partner States efforts towards development of mineral policies and mining regimes. EAC is therefore planning to undertake an inventory of mineral and mining policies in the EAC Partner States that will inform the process of harmonisation of Mineral Policies and Mining Regimes in the region. A feasibility assessment of mineral resources in the region with potential for local value addition to create local employment and ensure that the local Community derives maximum benefit from the mineral resources in the region has been undertaken.
A Baseline survey was conducted in all Partner States to gather baseline mineral information; country mineralisation reports were prepared, and the capacity building on best practices on mineral sector regulations and value addition promotion strategies was conducted in June 2012. Analysis of mineral regulations and preparation of draft regulatory Framework is ongoing and is to be completed. The harmonisation of the different Partner States policies is to be conducted as a follow up to these efforts.